Iron deficiency anemia

May 15, 2023

Join us today where we discuss one of the most common causes of microcytic anemia in pediatric patients. 


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This episode was written by Dr. Tammy Yau and Dr. Lidia Park, with content support from Dr. Anjali Pawar, Dr. Lena van der List, and Dr. Su-Ting Li. Drs. Tammy and Lidia take full responsibility for any errors or misinformation. 


Key points: 

-Excessive milk consumption inhibits iron absorption. Limit to 16-24 oz/day  

-Iron supplementation dosing depends on gestational age and major food source. Prevention vs treatment dosing also differ. 

-Mentzer index greater than 13 indicates iron deficiency anemia 

Supplemental information 

2010 AAP Pediatrics guidelines:  

2020 JAMA Network – vitamin C and irom deficiency anemia:,shown%20to%20promote%20iron%20absorption.&text=Iron%20absorption%20occurs%20predominantly%20in,small%20intestine%20mucosal%20epithelial%20cells 

2017 AAP Pediatrics in Review – infant nutrition: 

2014 Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment – iron deficiency anemia and cognitive function: