Cardionerds: A Cardiology Podcast
31. Fulminant Myocarditis with Cardiogenic Shock: Case Discussion
The CardioNerds discuss a case of fulminant myocarditis, teaching a comprehensive approach to myocarditis with just 5 foundational principles. Review the myocarditis infographic on the myocarditis topic page. The episode ends with a special message from the true heroes of this episode, Chas and Julie Miller.
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5 points of maximal impulse in approaching myocarditis
* Build the clinical suspicion for myocarditis: You need a high index of suspicion given the variable presentation, and definitely need to keep a differential so you don’t miss things like acute coronary syndromes.* Decide if EMBx is necessary: Most often obtained in fulminant presentations to look for pathologic findings of giant cell myocarditis or eosinophilic myocarditis, because these findings will change management.* Manage the acute cardiac injury, which can range from supportive care to treatment of shock, arrhythmias, and even tamponade.* Manage the chronic cardiac sequelae: Recovering from the acute phase of myocarditis doesn’t necessarily mean smooth sailing -- some develop chronic heart failure, warranting GDMT -- or guideline directed management and therapy, as defined by Dr. Randall Starling in Ep 13.* Treat the myocarditis: Immunosuppression is often started empirically in fulminant disease, but continuation depends on what you find on pathology.